Understanding the Role of Genomics in Angus Seedstock Breeding

Blog | May 20th, 2019

Research in genomics is playing an integral part in the breeding of Angus seedstock animals. This branch of biological research delves deeper into the makeup of each individual Angus male and female than genetics does to discover how DNA can help breeders perfect their herds for higher productivity. Since the cattle industry is so competitive today, you must use every resource possible to become successful. For this reason, we offer you some vital information in the following to help you understand the role of genomics in seedstock production of Angus animals.

What Is Genomics?

Genomics with cattle allows breeders to analyse their animals’ genomes and DNA, and how they influence their various traits, behaviours and other production values. It moves beyond genetics as we said earlier, which tends to be more about heritage than individual animals. This scientific method of analysis has numerous possible applications for the entire beef industry, including those who breed and raise Angus cattle, as we will discuss a bit later.

An Explanation of DNA

DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid and is a highly important molecule in the cells of many living organisms, including Angus cattle. It is considered as a ‘blueprint’ of an organism since it contains special coding that helps the organism grow, appear, and function. In addition, the DNA of all cattle breeds includes 30 chromosome pairs. Each pair contains one chromosome from the dam and one from the sire. As each progeny line reproduces, this DNA ‘blueprint’ is passed on to the next generation.

What is Genomic Testing?

Genomic testing involves analysing DNA samples for any Angus that breeders want to discover in-depth information on to combine with performance and pedigree details that they already have on the animals. At this point, this testing is a bit expensive and should be considered an investment in the future of the herd. Breeders can test their Angus cattle at any age.

Definition of a Genomic Prediction Equation

Since multiple genes influence each production trait that Angus contain, information is necessary to interfere with genetics. The Genomic Prediction Equation estimates an Angus male or female’s breeding value based on facts discovered during genomic testing.

The Most Common Applications for Genomics for Angus Cattle Breeders

• Verification of parentage
• Effective control over genetic conditions
• Alterations in coat colour, polledness and other qualitative traits
• Analysis of breed composition
• Genetic enhancement of production traits

For further facts about understanding the role of genomics in Angus seedstock breeding, consult with Southfork Angus. We specialise in breeding Angus seedstock, and we are located in the Mornington Peninsula of Australia.

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